Updated: Dec 8, 2022
Computer science, electrical (or electronics) engineering, and mechanical engineering are the top engineering domains chosen by Indian college students.
There are multiple sub-domains of mechanical engineering, including Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD), FEA, Design Engineering, Automotive Engineering, Thermodynamics, and others. The majority of them now involve extensive computations and analysis using computational tools and software.
Here are the top 10 mechanical engineering jobs in India that you may apply for if you have a degree in this discipline.
1. CFD Analyst
CFD is a branch of mechanical engineering in which computation is a key component. Mechanical engineers have the most demand for CFD roles in the employment market, with the biggest salary range. You'll need a good foundation in fluid mechanics, heat transfer, and thermodynamics, as well as the ability to apply computational tools like Converge or Ansys Fluent to solve these problems.
Using software tools like MATLAB or Python, you'll have to solve governing equations like the Navier-Stokes equation, Euler equation, and Fick's Law. You should also be aware of what happens in the background when the solver works on your problem.
2. CFD Engineer
A CFD engineer performs comparable duties to a CFD analyst. A CFD engineer must be well-versed in the same fundamental concepts as a mechanical engineer, but the task will be more engineering-oriented. Working with the technical design team, you should use the results of the CFD study to suggest changes and ensure that the product design and performance fulfil technical and functional requirements.
3. Design Engineer
Mechanical engineering graduates and automotive engineers are increasingly interested in Design Engineering. Design engineering used to be limited to solid modelling or surface engineering, but things have changed dramatically in the last few years.
You can currently apply for jobs in wire harness design, automotive mould design, BIW (Body in White) fixture design, plastic modelling, and a variety of other fields. Keep in mind that this field is expected to grow over the next decade, so you can expect a slew of new design-related positions to emerge.
4. CAE Engineer
Computer-Aided Engineering (CAE) is the application of computer software to several engineering areas such as finite element analysis (FEA), computational fluid dynamics (CFD), and multibody dynamics (MBD), among others.
You'll need to know how to use pre-processing tools like ANSA or HyperMesh, as well as programming languages like MATLAB or Python, as a CAE engineer. Calculating heat and fluid flow calculations, simulating operations like casting or moulding, and visualising the findings would be part of your job.
5. FEA Engineer
The examination of a macro object using small rectangular elements is known as Finite Element Analysis (FEA). In addition to pre-processing software, you should be familiar with solid mechanics, material strength, and mathematical topics such as linear algebra and differential equations.
If you're familiar with tools like Ansys Workbench, LS-DYNA, Abacus, or NASTRAN, you'll have a lot of options as an FEA engineer. Noise, vibration, and harshness (NVH) and durability are two hot subjects in FEA.
6. Simulation Engineer
A CFD or FEA engineer that specialises in simulation procedures is known as a simulation engineer. Engineers must test the performance, durability, safety, and functionality of engineering solutions in a virtual environment for a variety of jobs.
Simulations save time and money since any errors or mishaps may be swiftly corrected in the actual model rather than causing damage to an expensive machine like a submarine or helicopter.
7. Crash Engineer
Explicit dynamics is a sub-topic of FEA that deals with high-velocity engineering impacts, akin to what happens in a crash. Manufacturers must now test their vehicles in a crash test before beginning the mass production process, thanks to the current implementation of safety requirements for autos around the world.
As a crash engineer, you should use pre-processing tools, FEA software, and, if necessary, simulation to ensure that the manufactured vehicle meets all safety standards.
8. Pre-Processing Engineer
If you opt to work as a pre-processing engineer, you will be fully responsible for the usage of pre-processing tools such as ANSA or HyperMesh, which have a wide range of CAD and solver interfaces. The fact that this domain is extremely specialised is both a benefit and a disadvantage.
Being an expert in this field will put you in high demand across many businesses, but going deep into pre-processing can make it difficult to move into other fields with the same competence later in your career.
9. Application Engineer
An application engineer could be the right job for you if you don't know how to code but are familiar with software tools and mechanical engineering essentials.
CFD, FEA, and MBD application engineers are the three standard positions available. Interacting with clients to understand their needs and maximising the use of digital tools to do this would be part of your job.
10. Electric and IC Integration Engineer
Most automotive and mechanical engineering firms have recently added the post of electric and IC integration engineer. IC (Internal Combustion) engines are used in practically all vehicles today, however electric vehicles are likely to be the transportation mode of the future. This domain entails combining existing automobile technology with futuristic concepts.
You must understand the principles of hybrid electric vehicles, controls, and battery management systems to perform this job. Chemical and materials engineers work on battery and fuel technologies for these vehicles, while mechanical engineers focus on developing the engine and testing the automobile for safety and performance.
As a result, mechanical engineering is a flexible engineering area with numerous high-paying and high-growth job opportunities. You must be familiar with core engineering ideas, the operation of software applications, and the integration of both for these professions.
In the next years, these top 10 mechanical engineering responsibilities will give rise to several other specialised employment, which is good news for today's college students.